Beef Steers Information
How to Feed Out a Beef Steer
We select a steer calf and raise him with the rest of our cattle till he is around 10 to 18 months old so that they are butchered around 13 to 21 months old. We prefer the younger ones, but if they are not born at the right time of the year an older one will do. We give them only the basic vaccinations blackleg and vira-shield. We also deworm them on the same schedule as our herd. We feed them out during the colder months when there are few to no flies. So select a calf that will be the right age going into the winter, the younger they are the more tender the will be. We feed them out in a small pen a 30 X 30 is ample space for 1, a 50 X 50 will feed out several. We feed them for about 60 to 90 days depending on how much weight they gain and their age going in. Our feed is a mix of cracked/crushed corn, cotton seed hull and a molasses pellet. Ours one year ate about 15 pounds of feed a day in the first month and around 25 or so pounds a day in the last month. We give them a small shelter and good quality hay. If they get the scours do more hay, less feed, and adjust/increase/decrease based on their poop and how much they are willing to consume. Below are pictures and hanging weights on our mini beef steers.
Mac'Rib was out of Lotus our small framed regular sized longhorn and Frank our Lowline Angus bull. We fed him out with our friends beef steer who was not in as good of condition, so we had to take the feed slow and give extra hay. With that said our steer was fed out 90 days. He ate about 15 square bales of hay and 1000+ pounds of feed (1000 was 1/2 the total feed, I'm sure mine are more than hers). It cost $105 for hay and $228 for feed, for a total of $333. His hanging weight was 540 lbs. $455 for processing fee. So $333 + $455 = $788, if 394 lbs of beef it cost $2.00 per pound. If you add in approximate lifetime cost from birth to feed out pen $300, then he would be $2.76 per pound. Thank you Mac'Rib!!!
Duke Wellington was fed out for 72 days. He ate 4 square bales of hay and 1200 pounds of feed. It cost $40 for hay and $240 for feed, for a total of $280. His hanging weight was 520 lbs. $414 for processing fee. So $280 + $414 = $694, if 380 lbs of beef it cost $1.83 per pound. If you add in approximate lifetime cost from birth to feed out pen $300, then he would be $2.62 per pound. He was out of our Lowline Angus Karina and our past belted Galloway herd sire Ferdinand. He was 22 months old. Thank you Duke!!!
Judge Brisket was our 2015 beef steer. He was fed out for 60 days and butchered at 21 months old. He ate $230 of feed and $45 of hay. Total butcher fee was $386, with a hanging weight of 480 pounds. If you only include the feed out he cost $1.89 per pound. If you add in the cost to get him from birth to pen you add $300 (vaccines, dehorned, castration, feed and hay), he would cost $2.75 a pound. I think this one is the best yet. Just the right amount of feed out time and of course quality feed! PS I completely forgot to get an updated photo of him right before he went to the butcher.
Prince Mignon was a Zebu Mini Longhorn cross and was fed out for 104 days. He was 19 months old at slaughter. He was about 42 inches tall or a frame score 0. His hanging weight was 450 pounds. He ate about $285 in feed and $85 in hay over that period. Our butcher charges a $50 kill fee and then $0.70 per pound hanging weight to vacuum seal the meat. That comes out to $365. So the combined cost to feed him out and process him was $735. So if we get about 350 pounds of beef back that's $2.10 per pound.
Based on the average of 63% of the live weight equals hanging weight he might have been 725 pounds on the hoof. As soon as he comes back home to fill the freezer I'll let you know how he marbled and tastes. Update - My least favorite, however we ate him all up.
Sir'Loin Magnus was a Lowline Angus and Mini Belted Galloway cross who was fed out for about 60 days. He was 20 months old at slaughter. He was about 39 inches tall or a frame score 000. His hanging weight was 320 pounds. I'm sorry I didn't calculate how much he ate or what it cost that year. His butcher fee was $274. He might have been around 510 pounds on the hoof or live weight. His beef lasted us for 1 year and was very tender and tastey.